Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of anxiety disorder that occurs after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event, such as a horrible accident, sudden death of a loved one, a natural calamity, physical or sexual abuse, terrorist intervention, kidnapping, rape, serious injury, war, neglect of children, assault or any other life-threatening event.
Symptoms of PTSD include emotional numbness; Avoidance behaviors, such as avoiding conversations, thoughts or feelings about the traumatic event, avoiding all kinds of activities, places of people related to the particular traumatic incident; and difficulties in clearly remembering the important part of the trauma. There are also signs of detachment, trouble sleeping, lack of interest in daily activities, lack of concentration, irritability, angry outbursts and anxiety. Affected individuals also tend to experience somatic symptoms such as headaches, sweating, digestive problems, heartbeat and rapid heartbeats after thinking or remembering the traumatic event. They may have nightmares related to the traumatic experience, troubling retrospective memories of the traumatic event, as if the event were repeated. Affected individuals may also neglect medical care and personal care.
They remain very restless and depressed for months or even years, which can seriously affect their quality of life and overall functioning. Anger, nervousness, guilt, shock or fear can be the first reactions of people who have experienced a traumatic event. Over time, these feelings begin to persist and increase. They become so strong and dominant that the affected person can not lead a normal life.
People with PTSD who have had symptoms for more than a month and can not function as well as before. Post-traumatic stress disorder can be triggered in people who directly experience the traumatic event, who are eyewitnesses of a traumatic event or those who come to the rescue following a traumatic event, such as Emergency Personnel or Rescue Teams In addition, family members or friends of those who have suffered the trauma may also be affected by the symptoms of PTSD.
Studies suggest that women are twice as vulnerable as men to the development of PTSD. However, children may also develop symptoms of PTSD after experiencing a traumatic incident. Research has also concluded that depression, substance use disorders, or other types of anxiety disorders may also be comorbid with PTSD.
Psychotherapy and counseling have been shown to be very effective in treating post-traumatic stress disorder. The board tries to help patients manage their thoughts, feelings and behaviors. It also teaches patients to effectively manage their stress, to learn relaxation and awareness techniques to overcome the trauma and live in the present. Exposure therapy can also sometimes be used to help patients talk about their experiences instead of avoiding them. Counseling attempts to help patients live with their trauma without becoming anxious or stressed. Tools such as writing, imagining or visiting the site of a traumatic event are also used for counseling.