Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a brain disorder and behavior. Obsessions are recurring thoughts that occur in our brains and compulsions are repetitive acts and express themselves through behaviors. Some of the very common obsessions in OCD are thoughts of contamination, sexual thoughts, religious obsessions, perfectionism, loss of control, and other similar obsessions. Compulsions may include repeated acts of washing, cleaning, checking, and mental compulsions.
Among the identified causes of OCD are changes in the brain or natural chemistry.
Major stressors or traumatic events are also sometimes considered as the causes of this disorder. In some cases, these stressors act as triggers for the predisposed disorder. Depression is sometimes considered a cause or result of OCD.
The psychodynamic perspective was responsible for the fixations and early conflicts of life being the cause of this disorder.
Model of behavior
According to this model, OCD is the result of the biological and evolutionary tendency of the human body to suppress primitive actions. A brain circuit in the orbitofrontal cortex triggers and sends impulses to direct attention to the actions, and when the actions are completed, the impulse decreases in intensity.
DYSFUNCTIONAL: It is often observed that people with OCD have difficulty performing their daily tasks, especially those who do not follow their routine, which is also an obstacle for people who live with them because they can interfere with routine.
DISTRESS: in case of OCD, if the routines are not followed and if changes are made, it becomes a source of great distress for the person suffering from the disorder.
BEFORE: The usual way of life for people with OCD is very different from that found in the general social convention.
DANGEROUS: Suicidal thoughts following depression are also common in OCD. Depression can cause social isolation and cause serious health problems.
There is more than one way to treat OCD treatment. Below is a brief introduction to these methods that we offer to our patients.
Treatment disorders include medications including anxiolytics and antidepressants used to control the symptoms associated with the disorder.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
It is an amalgam of two evidence-based therapies. We observe the cognitive and behavioral part of the management disorder. As in the case of OCD, thoughts are directly related to the consequences on behavior. Thus, by changing thinking patterns, we can find other ways to respond to these thoughts.
Exposure prevention and response
This approach is part of the behavioral therapy, which is actually to let the person cope with fear in a controlled environment, then to prevent the client from performing the ritual. The logic behind this treatment is that the learned fear will disappear as the person realizes that no harm is caused to him and that the anxiety will go away.
Deep breathing is a diaphragmatic breathing that sends the brain very powerful relaxation signals that reject the physiological awakening and the level of stress. This exercise reduces the heart rate, lowers blood pressure and promotes a state of calm. On the other hand, mindfulness meditation consists of noting thoughts without judging them or moving them away.