By definition, a fugitive is a person who leaves his legal guardian’s house without permission. Research shows that 1 in 6 people flee their homes. Studies show that more than 1.5 million teenagers flee their homes every year. All family members, including wife, husband, son, daughter, brother or sister, can take this bold step. Statistics indicate that men are comparatively more vulnerable than women to flee, and it is generally observed that women’s chances of return are very small compared to men. The reason behind this may be the social or cultural stigma associated with the fugitives. Escape is perceived as a miraculous solution by individuals. In addition, there are usually uncontrollable emotions behind which they activate when the decision to flee is made. People generally run away from an impulse they hope to solve and solve the problems they face at home. Unfortunately, this step aggravates the situation and causes them more problems than they had imagined. Although fugitives generally need to be away from their homes at the moment, staying away from them poses other problems and faces adverse consequences after running away from their homes, such as drug addiction, sexual or physical violence, abuse, physical illness, hunger. or participation in many immoral or criminal activities.
When we talk about the factors associated with runaway trends, a wide range of surface appearances appears. Historically, the escape was considered a manifestation of the individual desire for independence. However, current research identifies several other contributing factors that play a motivating role in a person’s flight. Drug abuse is one of the most common causes of leaks. Several types of fugitive research have confirmed that approximately 70% of the fleeing population is involved in drugs or alcohol. In addition to drug abuse, other factors also play a catalytic role. These factors cause people to flee their homes due to the emotional burden they carry. They see the escape as a cry for help, with no one to turn to. The presence of toxic people in the family is also a determining factor in the decision to flee the house. Toxic people are those who make judgments, provoke, discourage, dominate, are capricious and cause pain to others. Many older family members act unconsciously as toxic people, such as parents, grandparents or spouses, which can negatively affect those around them. Current research also identifies dysfunctional, abusive and neglectful homes as the main explanation for the flight of young people. Combinations of parental neglect, physical or sexual abuse, violence, family conflict and poor parenting can encourage young people to flee.
Another more common reason why teenagers prefer to run away from home is the feeling that their family does not support or understand them. If teenagers have a strong support system at home and feel they can easily trust their family, the chances of fleeing are significantly reduced. Fugitive has three phases. The first phase is called an explosion. This is a phase in which a person escapes from home. The second phase occurs when this person returns home. The third phase is called explosion again phase. In this phase, a person escapes from home again. Now, the most crucial phase is the second phase because it is the weakest phase for a fugitive. The family should take full advantage of this phase. They should participate in empathic interaction, empathic listening and healthy communication with the person to ensure that they do not try again.