Ear and phobia A human body is a complex machine that evaluates different situations, reacts and responds accordingly. From an instant response of our action that reflects the meticulous responses of our immune system, we can see a variety of ways in which our body responds in various situations.
Fear is one of those natural reactions that signal and prepare our body to cope with a dangerous or dangerous situation. It is a normal instinct for human survival that has been granted to us since childhood. Different people feel fear at different levels in the same situation. This can range from simple agitation to a strong reaction in a particularly dangerous situation. Fear triggers the natural reaction of our body to fight or flight, during which we stay and face this situation or run away from it.
The process begins when the adrenal glands release an excess of adrenaline into our bloodstream, which increases blood supply to larger muscle groups, such as the arms and thighs, and reduces the supply of less important functions such as as digestion and metabolism. This prepares us to fight or flee the situation.
Living fear in situations that endanger our safety is very normal and natural. The problem begins when this fear is exaggerated and exaggerated and becomes a phobia. A phobia is an extreme and persistent fear of an animal, an object or any particular environment that disrupts the daily functioning of a person. It is natural and normal to be afraid of a ferocious but abnormal dog to be afraid of a puppy or an innocent bird. A phobic person does everything possible to avoid all those situations or objects that she is afraid of.
The genetic component or certain experiences that a person experiences as a child can cause phobia. It is accompanied by pure anxiety and agitation. A person is completely absorbed in thinking about the worst possible consequences of the situation in which they are afraid. This obsessive and compulsive preoccupation disrupts the normal functioning of a person.
There is a long list of phobias. Some of them are:
- Claustrophobia: afraid of small spaces.
- Hydrophobia: fear of water
- Arachnophobia: fear of spiders
- Ophidophobia: fear of snakes
- Nichtophobia: fear of the dark
- Acrophobia: fear of heights
- Aviatophobia: Fear of stealing.
In addition to the above, there are many more. The phobia is accompanied by physical symptoms such as shortness of breath, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, sweating, tremors, nausea, etc. You need the help of a professional in time to diagnose and treat your phobia.
In 75% of cases of phobia, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) helps fight against certain phobias. Systematic desensitization is useful, in which a phobic person exposes slowly and gradually to the scary situation, object or animal. Repeated exposure and interaction helps the phobic person overcome their greatest fear. The idea is to instill a sense of control over this situation, object or animal. There comes a time when a person reacts normally in the presence of this scary stimulus.
Hypnotherapy also helps to overcome the phobias in which a licensed hypnotherapist applies certain therapeutic methods. In addition to this, the phobic person receives relaxation techniques including deep breathing, muscle relaxation, positive internal dialogue, imagination and mindfulness. Sometimes medications can also be prescribed with these techniques. Appropriate treatment allows a person to live a happy and functional life.