Crisis intervention is the effective method used to provide immediate and short-term help to people who are experiencing a situation that generates emotional, psychological, biological or behavioral illnesses or problems. A crisis can mean any situation in which a person recognizes a sudden loss of ability to use effective problem-solving and analytical skills. Various procedures or circumstances can be measured as a crisis: critical or life-threatening situations, such as natural disasters (eg earthquake or tornado), sexual assault or robbery or any other form of criminal oppression; medical or mental illness; thoughts of homicide or suicide; and loss or drastic changes in relationships (eg, death of a loved one or divorce) and chronic addiction.
Crisis intervention has many reasons. It aims to decrease the intensity of an individual’s physical, emotional, mental and behavioral responses to a crisis. Another function is to help people regain their level of performance before the crisis. Performance can be further enhanced by developing new coping skills and eliminating unproductive coping methods such as substance abuse, abstinence and isolation. The individual is more likely to be prepared for future complications. By discussing and sharing what has been happening and the feelings associated with it, while ways to manage and solve problems arise, crisis intervention plans help individuals recover from the crisis and to prevent serious long-term problems. . People are encouraged to receive help in a crisis. A person could have gone through the crisis in the last 24 hours, less than a week before asking for help. Crisis intervention is done in a useful way. The crisis response time can vary from one session to several days, and on average for four weeks.
Crisis therapy aims to get involved as quickly as possible after the onset of the crisis in order to make it easier to overcome, to reduce the use of ineffective coping strategies and to avoid a complete mental collapse . This is a temporary intervention that may involve a full participation of the therapist with the patient and, sometimes, with members of his family.
Crisis management will reflect the rigor and cause of the crisis, as well as the individual situation of the patient.
Many relatively trivial crises can be managed by providing friendly support in basic care without hiring professionals.
The most serious crises will require a referral to professional counselors or teams.
Crisis therapy includes therapy and rapid behavioral and / or cognitive counseling. The participation of the family is very essential.
The therapy should be quite intense for a short time and stop before the addiction of the counselor or therapist develops.
The risk of suicide and self-injury must be assessed before any other action.