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The previous name for bipolar disorder was manic depression. In general, people understand this disorder because it only affects mood, but also energy levels, self-esteem, cloud judgment, disrupts memory, disrupts sleep patterns and appetite . . It is a brain disorder that causes severe changes in mood, energy levels and social functioning. Everyone around us finds ups and downs considered normal; it would not be bad to say that anyone can have mood swings. No one is immune to aggression, pain or sadness, but changes in bipolar disorder are different from normal mood swings. It refers to two biopsychological states, mania and depression. Mania is characterized by a hyperactivity phase with this condition in which patients manifest an excessively excited, abnormally high or irritable mood. On the other hand, depression is characterized by a mood too sad or hopeless.

In a manic state, individuals may feel an exaggerated sense of self-esteem and consider themselves superior to others. They often tell exaggerated stories about their wealth, power, abilities, or spiritual positions. This mood also accompanies a reduced need for sleep and a very impulsive behavior. Accelerated thoughts and fast speech are also common. People in mania very often become delusional. Sometimes they even experience other psychotic features, such as hallucinations.

Unlike mania, depression is considered an inactive mood. Usually, mania precedes depression because the brain and body have a high energy level. And exhaustion of mania precipitates shock in the state of bipolar depression disabled. The feeling of hopelessness and the inability to feel pleasure or lack of interest are common features of depression. During this phase, people have very low self-esteem, may feel worthless and experience guilt. This condition accompanies slow speech, slow physical movement, isolation and suicidal ideation.

People with bipolar disorder, when they are in the manic phase, are considered very happy, but in reality, the manic phase represents a loss of control over actions and thoughts. They also become irritable as the mania progresses. People perceive this disease wrongly, because it is very often changed from one side to another between poles, mania and depression. In fact, most bipolar patients are more depressed than manic patients and can live long without symptoms.

Bipolar disorder coexists with many mental illnesses making diagnosis difficult and even increasing the risk of misdiagnosis. Addiction is a bipolar concomitant disorder. The relationship between these two disorders is bidirectional. People with bipolar disorder may also be affected by social anxiety disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Most researchers agree that there is no single cause for this disease. On the contrary, many associate to cause this disorder. Some important factors are genetic input and brain structure. However, some brain chemicals and a high level of stress are also involved. There is no absolute cure for this disorder, but it can be managed with the help of professionals. It is a recurrent disease and for life, it requires intensive treatment. Effective treatment includes medications, psychotherapy and strong social support.

Many people with this disease have a successful career, good relationships and happy families. Although difficult, but with treatment, a strong support system and healthy coping skills allow patients to fully manage their lives. It is suggested that people with bipolar disorder control their physical and mental health. They are also encouraged to improve their care, including healthy sleep, good hygiene, a balanced diet and exercise. Mood monitoring and stress management can also be very helpful.

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