Autism is a disorder of brain development characterized by altered verbal and nonverbal communication, social interactions and repetitive behaviors. Usually, parents notice signs in their children during the first two years of life. These signs develop gradually, while some children with autism reach their developmental milestones at a normal speed and then return. If symptoms appear before 3 years, they are diagnosed with autism. Research shows that autism is 4 to 5 times more frequent among boys than girls. One in 42 boys and one in 189 girls are diagnosed with autism in the United States.
Social deficiency and communication difficulties: communication and interactions are often difficult for many people with autism. Eye contact with other children is difficult, these children do not respond to their names, facial expressions, body language and interact with others only to achieve specific goals. They do not understand how to play with other children and prefer to be alone. An autistic child may have trouble understanding the feelings of others or talk about their own feelings. Some autistic children may have a speech delay, give unrelated answers, tend to repeat sentences pronounced by others without creating their own language, can speak flatly. An autistic child may not understand what it means to say goodbye.
Repetitive behavior: children with autism have recurring movements or strange behaviors such as rolling their heads, clapping and balancing. They can worry about parts of things like the wheels of a toy truck, a single television show, a toy or a game. Insist that the furniture does not move. You can injure or hurt the person, for example, itchy eyes, hit your head and bite your hand. They may also be obsessively interested in a particular subject, such as animals, memorizing train or plane schedules. Children may get angry or excited, especially when placed in a new environment. Some like to get into the same routine and small changes can trigger tantrums. Some children may shake their hands or twist their fingers when they are excited or upset.
Autistic people listen, see and feel the world differently from others. If you have autism, you are autistic for life. It is not a disease and cannot be cured. Some people with autism have learning difficulties and need different levels of support. People with autism may also have excessive or insufficient sensitivity to touch, sound, taste, smell, light or color. For many children with behavioral treatment, symptoms improve with age. People with autism generally continue to need support and services as they age, but this depends on the severity of the condition. Interventions and behavioral therapies are designed to address specific symptoms and can greatly improve these symptoms. There is no cure for autism, but speech and language therapy, occupational therapy and education are available to help children and parents. Behavioral interventions or early speech can help autistic children take care of themselves, communicate and learn social skills.