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A person who is addicted to alcohol consumption is called an alcoholic and the state of alcohol dependence is called alcoholism. Alcoholism was classified as a disease a long time ago. Alcohol consumption in this case is such that it implies an obsession and a restriction for the drug, which affects the bio, psycho, social and spiritual aspects of the drinker.

Research tells us that 10% of the population turns out to be alcoholic, while the rest of the population is made up of social drinkers. Alcoholics deny much and are less aware of the serious physical and psychological complications to follow. Social relations are also severely interrupted. He does not perform normal tasks, such as taking care of his personal hygiene, not being interested in activities he likes, regularizing his routine, running daily errands, etc.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are about 140 million alcoholics in the world. Most of them do not receive adequate treatment. Alcohol is responsible for 1 in 25 deaths worldwide. The National Institute of Health (NIH) reports that there are only 10% of male alcoholics and 5% of female alcoholics in the United States. Similarly, the National Health Service (NHS) estimates that one in 13 people is an alcoholic in the United Kingdom.

Anyone can abuse alcohol; It is not only associated with alcoholism or alcohol dependence. Even social consumption should not be underestimated because it can eventually lead to higher consumption, which can be problematic.

To develop a better understanding of alcoholism, we must examine its nature that has 4 aspects:

chronic

Alcoholism is a chronic disease, such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, cancer, etc. A person can learn to drive and live, but cannot heal.

progressive

Over time, alcoholism continues to worsen, affecting the bio, psychological, social and spiritual health of a person.

primary

Alcoholism does not require and another condition at the origin. It is independent and has its own reasons to grow.

Potentially lethal

It goes without saying that if a person does not use the treatment as soon as possible, alcoholism can be fatal.

Watch for clear signs of alcoholism, which include:

Greater tolerance:

Due to their exposure to alcohol, their brain and liver adapt to the alcohol itself, resulting in a decrease in the body’s response. In this case, the person needs more drugs to produce the same effect.

Withdrawal symptoms:

The alcoholic experiences it when he decreases or stops consuming alcohol. Common symptoms include insomnia, tremors, nausea and panic attacks.

As the person progresses with alcohol consumption, the indications mentioned above lead to two consecutive factors that are a clear sign of alcoholism. These are:

Maintenance Model:

Here, the main reason for drinking is to control withdrawal symptoms and continue to function normally. Therefore, a person sees alcohol as a medicine.

Lost of control:

Here, a person loses control of 3 zones; the amount consumed, the time and place of alcohol consumption and the duration of the alcohol episode.

These two factors clearly differentiate an alcoholic and a social drinker. In addition to many complications, alcohol has harmful effects and inflicts innumerable liver damage. Instead of putting life at risk, alcohol treatment should be used as soon as possible for best results.

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